Monday, March 26, 2007

Etymology

Greetings Everybody,

We also studied the concept of "Etymology" (the history of words). Your second assignment is finding the etymology of city words in Turkey. Click on "Comments" to see the 81 city names of Turkey. Everyone must find the etymology of a different city, preferrably the city you come from or closer.

Good luck,

Tuncer Can

75 comments:

Tuncer Can said...

Find the etymology of your city's name:

Turkish City Names:

01 Adana
02 Adıyaman
03 Afyon
04 Ağrı
05 Amasya
07 Antalya
08 Artvin
10 Balıkesir
11 Bilecik
13 Bitlis
14 Bolu
15 Burdur
16 Bursa
17 Çanakkale
18 Çankırı
20 Denizli
21 Diyarbakır
22 Edirne
23 Elazığ
25 Erzurum
26 Eskişehir
28 Giresun
29 Gümüşhane
31 Hatay
32 Isparta
33 İçel
34 İstanbul
35 İzmir
36 Kars
37 Kastamonu
38 Kayseri
39 Kırklareli
41 Kocaeli
42 Konya
43 Kütahya
44 Malatya
45 Manisa
46 Kahramanmaraş
47 Mardin
48 Muğla
49 Muş
50 Nevşehir
51 Niğde
53 Rize
54 Sakarya
55 Samsun
56 Siirt
57 Sinop
58 Sivas
61 Trabzon
63 Şanlıurfa
65 Van
66 Yozgat
67 Zonguldak
68 Aksaray
69 Bayburt
70 Karaman
73 Şırnak
74 Bartın
75 Ardahan
76 Iğdır
77 Yalova
78 Karabük
80 Osmaniye
81 Düzce

Tuncer Can

Anonymous said...

16 bursa
it comes from Late Latin 'purse, pouch'

012

Anonymous said...

ANTALYA 07
Antalya's old names:Attaleia,Atalla,Atale,Adalin,Adalya,Ataliyye,Etaliyye,Sattalla.
Alexander The Great defeated Persians and occupied Antalya which was under the sovereignty of Persians.After Alexander died, fights began between the generals.And II.Attalos captured the west of Antalya and he founded Attalia city (that is Antalya)in the name of his there. After this time, this area is called 'Attaleia'.Then it takes the names like Adalia and Adalya and in the end it is called 'Antalya' nowadays.
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Tuncer Can said...

Dear 012,

What is the story of Bursa, how did it become "Bursa" after "purse"? Could you be more precise? 028 (Antalya) makes a good example of how should you be "purs"uing your homework.

Tuncer Can

Anonymous said...

Dear tuncer can,

Why the list doesn't include all of the cities in Turkey?

Anonymous said...

Why doesn't it include all of the cities?

Anonymous said...

KIRKLARELİ 39
The old names of Kırklareli are Saranta Ecclesia,Kırkkıiıse,Kırkkilise and Kırkazizler.
When Turks conquered Kırklareli in 1368,its name was SARANTA ECCLESIA(from latin)which means in Turkish"yurttaşlar topluluğu".This also means Kırkkilise.Kırkkilise probably comes from the event in which the Emperor Constantin released it and then Roma Emperor accepted it.
In these times,because of it was the first place of Christanity in this area Kırklareli was called as HOLY TOWN.
In 1603 a writer from Polen came and said"As it is a rocky place Greeks call it"Dessera Kondi Eklesiai".
When the Turkish republic was founded,the city's name was changed from Kırkazizler to Kırklareli because of the fact that this name contains some religious meaning.
When we look at the number "40",it is associated with the 40 soldiers who died here.And there is a saying about it,
"Kırk kimse ki şehit oldu bu yerde
Bu nam ile anıldı bu belde"
3231060019

Anonymous said...

<34 istanbul
'istanbul' is derivated from'eis ten polin' which means 'to the city' in greek. time of byzantines they called 'constantinople'. some documents "konstantiniye" a derivation of the christian name was used.
and then religious devotees referred to as "islambol"(much Islam).

3231060066>

Anonymous said...

51 NİĞDE niğde is known in antiquity as nakita or nahita then it has mutated through nekida,nekide and nikde to today`s niğde.it was occupied by Persians,Alexander the Great,Roma Empire,Bizans Empire and at last Ottoman Empire......... 3231060014

Anonymous said...

46 KAHRAMANMARAŞ
The city's old name was Markasi. It has been changed Maraş instead of Markasi. When Turks won The War Of İndependence, the city's name was changed from Maraş to Kahramanmaraş because of the fact that the law which was made in 11 february 1922 gave a title. This title is Kahraman.
3281040021

Anonymous said...

EDİRNE 22

"Adrianople" redirects here. For Battle of Adrianople, see Battle of Adrianople.
Edirne
Selimiye Mosque, built by Sinan in 1575

Justice Tover
Location in Turkey

Overview
Region Marmara Region, Turkey
Province Edirne Province
Population 128,400 NA (2002)
Coordinates NA
Licence plate code 22
Edirne (Greek: Ἁδριανούπολις Hadrianoúpolis or Αδριανούπολη Adrianoúpoli, Bulgarian: Одрин) is a city in Thrace, the westernmost part of Turkey, close to the borders with Greece and Bulgaria. The city was known in English until after the First World War as Adrianople (see below, and also List of traditional Greek place names). Edirne is the capital of Edirne Province (Turkish Thrace) and its estimated population in 2002 was 128,400, up from 119,298 in 2000.

The city initially took its name after its Roman (re)founder, and the usage remains current in Greek, though it has fallen into desuetude in English and other languages. The Turks commonly use Edirne (now the official and customary name) or Edreneh, and the Slavs Odrin (for Bulgarian) or Jedrene (for Serbian); all of these are probably adapted forms of the name Hadrian.

3231060067

Anonymous said...

EDİRNE 22

Edirne (Greek: Ἁδριανούπολις Hadrianoúpolis or Αδριανούπολη Adrianoúpoli, Bulgarian: Одрин) is a city in Thrace, the westernmost part of Turkey, close to the borders with Greece and Bulgaria. The city was known in English until after the First World War as Adrianople (see below, and also List of traditional Greek place names). Edirne is the capital of Edirne Province (Turkish Thrace) and its estimated population in 2002 was 128,400, up from 119,298 in 2000.

The city initially took its name after its Roman (re)founder, and the usage remains current in Greek, though it has fallen into desuetude in English and other languages. The Turks commonly use Edirne (now the official and customary name) or Edreneh, and the Slavs Odrin (for Bulgarian) or Jedrene (for Serbian); all of these are probably adapted forms of the name Hadrian.
3231060067

Anonymous said...

The name of a locality called Ti-smurna is mentioned in some of the Level II tablets from the Assyrian colony in Kültepe, with the prefix ti- identifying a proper name, although it is not established with certainty that this name refers to İzmir. Some would see in the city's name a reference to the name of an Amazon called Smirna.

The oldest rendering in Greek of the city's name we know is the Aeolic Greek Μύῥρα Mýrrha, corresponding to the later Ionian and Attic Σμύρνη Smýrnē, both presumably descendants of a Proto-Greek form Smúrnā. It would be linked to the name of the Myrrha commifera shrub, also known as the dindin tree, a plant that produces the aromatic resin called myrrh and is indigenous to the Middle East and northeastern Africa. The Romans took this name over as Smyrna which is the name used in English for the pre-Turkish periods. The name İzmir is the Turkish version of the same name.

3231060047

Anonymous said...

59---Tekirdağ's historical names include Rodosto (Ρωδόστο) or Rhaedestos (Ραιδεστός) and during the Byzantine era, it was also called Bisanthi (Βισάνθη). During the Ottoman era, it was called Tekfur Dağ, which means "yellow mountain", based on the Turkish word tekfur (deriving from the Armenian tagovar, one who wears the crown') which designates Christian sovereigns[citation needed]. In time the name mutated into the Turkish Tekirdağ, and this became the official name under the Turkish Republic


-15-

Anonymous said...

ZONGULDAK))The city's name probably comes from Zone Göl Dag, the name given to the area by French mining companies.[1]

Following information about Ereğli coal mining history, will help us to understand Zonguldak name is originated from Zone-Goul-Dagh in French: (In catholic encyclopedia, with reference of year 1908, Zonguldak town is called as Zoungoul-Dagh or in Turkish, Zoungoul mountain; or with Turkish+French meaning, Lake/Göl mountain zone... Goul-Dagh is a mountain on the south of Zonguldak town, with a little lake... It was a reference benchmark for the new mining zone and sea port location in Eregli region after 1860s.)

Another etymology is that the name originates from the Turkish zongalık or zongura.

Or it may have arisen from the name of the nearby ancient settlement of Sandraka or Sandrake.

According to another theory the name may have come from a compound word, namely Jungle-Dag, from jungle which the French entrepreneurs named due to uneven and wooded geography of the land, and dag meaning "a mountain" in Turkish.


23-merve uyaroğlu

Anonymous said...

GÜMÜŞHANE- The name literally means "silver town" and is derived from the silver (Turkish: gümüş) mines nearby. Its name is a direct translation of the ancient Greek name of the city, Argyroupoli (Argyro=silver) and Polis (city). As such, the city carries the same value-laden place name as other illustrious counterparts as Argentina, Argenteuil and Srebrenica.


10

Anonymous said...

van(65)

the city was founded by the assyrian queen semiramis and the city was named after her as şahmirankent. than when the city was conquered by the persian empire. a governor named van came to he city and made many changes which resulted in the prosperity in the city.. because of his serves to the city the city was named after him as van.. we still call the city as van eventhough there is almost no iranian effect on it.. who knows if a better governer comes , city's name may change once more..

06

gorkem said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Anonymous said...

The name Karaman comes from the house of Karaman.
Alladdin Keykubat I, the sultan of Seljuks from 1219 to 1237, had reached the border of the Byzantine Empire and ordered some from the house of Turkmen to keep the borders safe. No sooner had he done so than Cilicia was captured, and control of the city was given to the house of Karaman. At that time, the house was led by Nûre Sûfî, son of Sadeddin. After his death, Karaman Bey took over control of the house.
You know him
So that is the story.

Anonymous said...

mersin(33)

accarding to an idea ,the town has taken its name from a tree that is grown in that area.the tree is called MYRTUS(MUİT). accordind to another idea, the name of mersin has come from MERSİNOĞULLARI EMİGRANTS who are told in the Evliya Çelebi´book.
(3231060031)

Anonymous said...

sorry my number
3231060004-karaman

Anonymous said...

kastamonu_
the old name of the city is TUNUMA.People,called GAS GAS,occipied here.that's, the name occurs from the combination of two names'GAS'n TUMAN
number 3231060034

Anonymous said...

MANİSA-
-Magnesia-is the firs name of manisa.it was founded by Magnets.İn 1313 Saruhanogulları came and occupied the city.Then Saruhanbey changed its name as 'MANİSA'..

3231060003

Anonymous said...

61TRABZON The name of the city comes from the Greek word ''TRAPEZUS''.In greek it means:''FOUR CORNER''.(Modern greek:Τραπεζούντα,Trapezoúnta; Ancient Greek : Τραπεζοῦς, Trapezoûs) Originally, it was founded as Trapezus (Τραπεζοῦς) by traders from Miletus (traditionally in 756 BCE).
A city of northeast Turkey on the Black Sea. Founded by Greek colonists in the eighth century B.C., the city was part of the Roman, Byzantine, Trebizond, and Ottoman empire.

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Anonymous said...

66 Yozgat

The real name of the city is Bozok.Bozok Turkomans made a raid on this area and it was called Bozok until 1800s.At this century,Yozgat also pronounced.
There are some rumours about the origin of yozgat.One of them says that Yozgat mounts up from Saray(which is a village of Yozgat) to the end of Yozgat in layers.So it called "Yüz kat" and after it became Yozgat.

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Anonymous said...

05_AMASYA_AMASEİA

It is known that each old city has its own founder deity or hero. So this knowledge is acceptable for “Amaseia/Amasya”
The word of Ameseia is related to ‘Mâ’ which means Chief Deity. So Ameseia means “ Chief Deity Mâ ’ s City. (After Persians conquered Anatolia, believing to ‘deity Mâ’ became widespread.)

Amasya (Amáseia)
According to Strabo,a geographer, the name Amasya comes from Amasis the queen of the Amazons, who were said to have lived here. The name has changed little throughout history, Αμάσεια, Amaseia, Amassia and Amasia all being found in Greek and Roman coinage. Following the arrival of the Turks the name mutated to Amasya.

_50_

Anonymous said...

In 638 Antioch (Hatay) was conquered by the Arab caliphate, and became known in Arabic as Antākiyyah (Antakya).

3231060075

Anonymous said...

The fist name of Denizli was tonguzlu.Because there were a lot of pigs.The people in the area were calling pigs as tonguz.After a while the name changed into donguzlu,and then into donguzlu.Now it is called as Denizli.Everybody suppose that Denizli is a coastal city,but it isn't like this.it took this name because of the pigs and people.3231060057

Anonymous said...

sorry for my saying donguzlu twice.it will be...and then into Denizli.3231060057

Anonymous said...

DİYARBAKIR

the Romans colonized the city and named it Amida. During the Roman rule, the first city walls were constructed (297 AD) and later, the greater walls were built as per the command of the Roman emperor Caonstantanius-2. After the Romans, the Persians came to power and were succeeded by the Muslim Arabs. It was the leader of the Arab Bekr tribe, Bekr Bin Vail, who named the city Diyar Bakr, meaning – the country of “Bakr” i.e. Arabs. Much later, in the Republican era the city got its current name Diyarbakir, which was derived from the Copper ore that exists here.

3231060044

Anonymous said...

izmir
izmir's name has become zmirna,smirne,simire,semire,lesmire,lesmirr,ksimire,siniros,mirina,samorna,simira,zmirra,asmira,esmira,ismira,ismire,yezmir but originally it is from iyon origin.ın iyon language it was spelled as izmirni by adding 'i' in front of the word.
the name of the izmir comes from this origin and it means unreachable woman or girl.
3231060061

Anonymous said...

MANİSA Ma-n-isa.It means the city of the mother of jesus but the version of turkish İSA.Because the mother of jesus (mary) stayed a temple called roman shire before going to ephesus,it was called manisa. 017

Anonymous said...

GIRESUN!!!
The English word cherry, French cerise, Spanish cereza, and Southern Italian dialect cerasa (standard Italian ciliegia) all come from Classical Greek κέρασος 'cherry', which has been identified with Giresun's ancient name of Cerasus. The cherry was first exported to Europe from Cerasus in Roman times. The town was also known as Kerasunt during the medieval period and, under that name, was the second city of the Empire of Trebizond.

Giresun < Kerason < Kerasounta < Kerasus "horn" (for peninsula) in Greek + ounta "Greek toponomical suffix".
3231060073

Anonymous said...

hi

Anonymous said...

ÇANAKKALE

çanak-kale
this word takes form with it's two important symbols.Earthenware pot(çanak)craft is very widespread in here.And the other important symbol is Kale-i Sultaniye.

GELİBOLU
My hometown is gelibolu.I want to tell about,too.
History said that it is as old as TROYA.We know that it comes from old Greek and it's old name was "Critote".But then it takes form "KALLİPOLİS" which means "beautiful town".(GALLİ-POLİS/GALLİPOLİ)
When ottoman goverment occupied,it was changed into "GELİBOLU".

3212040043

Anonymous said...

42 konya
İsa'dan önce 47-50 ve 53 yıllarında Hıristiyan azizlerinden St. Paul burayı ziyaret etti ve şehir önemli bir dinsel merkez olarak gelişti. Bu nedenle Hıristiyanlar ona, "İsa'nın tasviri" anlamına gelen "ikonyum" adını verdiler. Abbasiler burayı alınca "Kuniye'ye" çevirdiler. Türkler bu ismi Konya olarak değiştirdi.

76

Anonymous said...

The word Erzurum derives from Erzen el- Rum,which was a place in Rome called Erzen.According to an another rumour the word Erzurum comes from Arz-ıRum which was a was of constantinople.On the coins of Selçuks, the citys’ name is Erzen el-rum,Arzan-ı rum and Arz-ı Rum.According to evliya çelebi who liked wandering said mentioned about the city in his books as Erzen-i Rum or Erzurum.So the word erzrurum commonly comes from 17th century when there is lots of people called Rums.
<62>

Anonymous said...

The word Erzurum derives from Erzen el- Rum,which was a place in Rome called Erzen.According to an another rumour the word Erzurum comes from Arz-ıRum which was a city of constantinople.On the coins of Selçuks, the citys’ name is Erzen el-rum,Arzan-ı rum and Arz-ı Rum.According to Evliya Çelebi, who liked wandering, mentioned the city in his books as Erzen-i Rum or Erzurum.So the word erzurum commonly comes from 17th century when there was lots of people called Rums.(sorry for mistakes in the previous one)
<62>

Anonymous said...

3212040017

ISPARTA
1)"Baris" is from Sanscritce.It means 'water'."Is" of adverb prepesition was put near the baris.Then it became "Isparta".And Turkish say "Isparta".

2)Isparta comes from 'baride' in Lidia language.After Greek migrants came to Anatolia they put éeisé next to the 'baride' and it became "Isbarida". then Turkish use it "Isparta".

Anonymous said...

19 Çorum

After rough wars Melik Ahmet Danişment could finally get the region of Çorum. The public adopted Moslem to show their obedience. But it was a trap to posion 'Melik Ahmet' and his dignitaries in a big banquet. One night Melik Ahmet saw this trap and the whole city razed by an earthquake in his dream. While he was waking up with the fear, earth started to shake. Immediatly the castle was evacuated. The Byzantine was content with the withdrawal of the Muslims and went back to their castle to start war prepatitons again. But the earthquake became intensified, the whole city and castle was destructed. After this incident The Byzantine people dwelling that region began to be called "cürümlü" meaning guilty. As the time passed "cürümlü" changed into "Çorumlu" and thus that region started to be called "Çorum".

0011

Anonymous said...

BAYBURT
the current name comes from 'payberd' in middle ages sources, 'payper' in Byzantine sources.In 1647 Evliya Celebi binds two words as 'bay',means 'rich'; and 'yurt' means 'country'.Than, the Ottoman resources record the name as 'bayburt'.
(59)

Anonymous said...

AMASYA
the orıgınal name of it is AMESEİA
there are some different theories about its name's origin.among them:
1-it comes from an egypt king named as AMASİS
2-the other says that it origins from an armanian king whose name was AMASYUS
3-the name of it comes from an emperor of hitits called as AMASHAN
:AND most probably the last one is the origin of the name of AMASYA
THANX 3231060029

Anonymous said...

The name Samsun came into existence after the conquest of the region by the turks. While the name is quoted as Samsun in the 11th and 12th century turkish records, the western documents make reference to a Sampson. It is believed that both words derived from the ancient Amisos, Aside from the scriptual differences, Samsun seems to have been well accepted during the Ottoman Empire period, through the name of the province was Canik.3231060055

Anonymous said...

The city's name probably comes from Zone Göl Dag, the name given to the area by French mining companies.[1]

Following information about Ereğli coal mining history, will help us to understand Zonguldak name is originated from Zone-Goul-Dagh in French: (In catholic encyclopedia, with reference of year 1908, Zonguldak town is called as Zoungoul-Dagh or in Turkish, Zoungoul mountain; or with Turkish+French meaning, Lake/Göl mountain zone... Goul-Dagh is a mountain on the south of Zonguldak town, with a little lake... It was a reference benchmark for the new mining zone and sea port location in Eregli region after 1860s.)

Another etymology is that the name originates from the Turkish zongalık or zongura.

Or it may have arisen from the name of the nearby ancient settlement of Sandraka or Sandrake.

According to another theory the name may have come from a compound word, namely Jungle-Dag, from jungle which the French entrepreneurs named due to uneven and wooded geography of the land, and dag meaning "a mountain" in Turkish.

08

Anonymous said...

At one time,there were 7brothers,who loved eachother much and valued their brotherhood.they were living in a small but important city which was frequently besieged by other tribes.because their city had a huge lake to whıch no other tribes owned.thanks to this lake,these citizens could plant whatever they wanted,so they were rich.when these brothers were small children,other tribes had attacked to the city again and they had pulled all this nice city down.they had fired the houses,killed the men and women.they had also killed 7brother`s father.at that time the 7brothers were such small children that,they could do nothing to rescue their father.so,7brothers were grown with hatred to other tribes.After each of them become an adult,they had learned how to fight,so everybody called them as YAMAN.One day,enemy tribes attacked to the 7YAMAN`s city,they were so strong that nobody could dare to fight with them.but,7YAMAN did not let the enemies enter their city again.so they fought with the enemies so violently that no enemy could dare to attack 7YAMAN`s city again.Then,the citizens become so happy that they ceremonied this victory giving the 7YAMAN`s name to their city.so,from now then the city`s name was YEDIYAMAN.Howewer,as many words`pronounciatıon were changed the city`s name YEDIYAMAN changed as well into ADIYAMAN.As a result our city Adıyaman had its name,after all these events happened.Moreover that important lake for which YEDIYAMAN fought especially,is called now as Ataturk Dam.3231060009

Anonymous said...

Kars(
Ermenian:Ղարս / Կարս,Kurdish:Qers,Russian: Карс).ıt's name comes from Turkish tribe KARSAKLAR.This tribe comes from Kafkasia during B.C.130-127 to Kars.
3231060051

Anonymous said...

AFYONKARAHİSAR,its old name was Akrenous.When Selçuks captured it after along surrounding,they named the city as 'HISAR' which means surrounding,and 'KARAHISAR'which means the city captured with great sorrow.then at 16th century the people living inthe city began to grow the plant 'AFYON'.And AFYON is added the name KARAHİSAR..42.

Anonymous said...

trabzon

it comes from the word ''trapezus'' which means 4 corners in greek..

Anonymous said...

trabzon
ı have forgotten my number

71

Anonymous said...

trabzon is coming from the name trapezus which means 4 corner in old greek..
gümüşhane is coming from the turkish names gümüş and hane..it s just because there are lots of silver sources in that city..
thanx for letting me share...
#:13

Anonymous said...

Due to my father's work I can hardly say I have an exact place which I am from.For that reason I'll write the city we have been in 9 years ago;Bingöl.The only information I know about its name's origin is from the myths.according to the myth;in old times there was a lake.around that lake a hunter was hunting.while hunting he shot a bird dead and took it to the lake to clean its blood.all of a sudden the bird turned alive and flew away.seeing that,hunter went to the town to tell that everybody: "the lake is giving eternal life!" Then all the people,even the disabled ones rushed to the lake to drink from it but when they reached to the area,instead of one eternal lake they found a thousand lakes.They could never find the eternal water.After that event they named this are "bingöl" reminding thousand lakes...

3231060007

Anonymous said...

the name of ORDU comes from a persian word "ORDUPAD".pad is a persian suffix means town and ordu means army.also ordupad is a city name in Azerbaijan
#22

Anonymous said...

08 ARTVİN

Artvin < Artavani "fertile town" < Armenian Arta, arda "arable field" + vani "district,village, town, church

ARTVİN is a highly mixed city including Turks,Georgians,Kurds and Lazes.But in 1894,in Artvin,there were nearly 5.900 habitants and they were mostly Armenians and Turks.In this city,christianity was so common and there were religional constructions for public,for boys and girls.There were nearly 30 catholic churchs and chapels for 12.000 armenian catholics,and 22 primary schools with 900 children.

3231060025(skin and bone:)

Anonymous said...

canakkale takes this name from the sea here the shape of which seems like a plate 3231060032

Anonymous said...

'manisa'takes its name from 'magnesia'in greek.when turks occupied there they changed its name as manisa 3231060056

Anonymous said...

afyonkarahisar 03
The name is Turkish for the black castle of opium, since opium was widely grown here and there is a castle on a black rock. Also known simply as Afyon. Older spellings include Karahisar-i Sahip Afium-Kara-hissar and Afyon Karahisar.

_20_

Anonymous said...

There are a lot of rumors about the source of the name of Yozgat.Yozgat means pasture city or herd city.for a long time past,"Bozok Yaylasi" has an important role in stock raising development."Yozkent" means that a city which has a lot of pasture.It is said that this name has changed from Yozkent to Yozgat.In history books,Yozgat is written like "Uskat,Juskat,Yougat,Yuzkat,Yozhourt".Since 1923,the city's name has been Yozgat.Sinem SENLILER 52

Anonymous said...

01 ADANA
The name of the city is believed to have come from a legend that Adanus and Sarus, two sons of Uranus, came to a place near the Seyhan River where they built Adana.

Alternatively, it is believed that Adad (Tesup), the name of the Hittite Thunder God that lived in the forest was given to the region. The Hittites ideas, names and writings have been found in the area so this is a strong possibility. The theory goes that since the Thunder God brought so much rain and this rain in turn brought such great abundance in this particular region, this god was loved and respected by its inhabitants and, in his honor, the region was called the 'Uru Adaniyya'; in other words 'The Region of Ada'.

Adana's name has had many different versions over the centuries: Adanos, Ta Adana, Uru Adaniya, Erdene, Edene, Ezene, Batana, Atana, Azana.
(18)

Anonymous said...

bitlis-13-

according to some historians the word has derivated from ''bageş'' or ''pagiş''. but according to the others a commander of alexander the great whose name was ''lis'' or ''badlis'' has constracted a castle here which is believed to inspire the city's name to be known as ''bitlis''

-60-

Anonymous said...

HAKKARİ
early times there was a tribe which called as hakkar.this tribe was warior and hakkari's name is coming from this tribe....


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Anonymous said...

arap Tarihçilerinden Vakidi Mardin adının Mate Dinden geldiğini ifade eder. Din isminde Mardin Kalesinde yaşayan ünlü bir rahip, kale komutanı ile dost olur. Komutanla dostlukları uzun sürmeyen rahip, Heraklüs tarafından gönderilen bir kumandan tarafından öldürülür. Kaleye Din öldü anlamına gelen “Mate Din” adı verilmiştir. Vakidi’nin bir başka rivayetine göre, İran Hükümdarlarından birinin Mardin ismindeki hasta oğlunun hava değişimi için geldiği bölgede iyleşmesi nedeniyle Mardin isminin bölgeye verildiğini ifade etmektedir. Bilgilere göre şehrin isminin doğrusuna en yakın rivayet budur. Süryaniler’in elde mevcut el yazma kaynaklarında da bunlara yakın söylemler mevcuttur.
16 zeynep

Anonymous said...

ağrı-ararat-aran-04 ağrı takes its name from ararat mountain that takes place in this city.In ancient times,according to the religious references,a big flood occured in all the world and (the prophet)nuh s gigantic ship stopped at the top of the mountain ararat .and after this word changed to name:aran and then the word aran named as ağrı....

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Anonymous said...

kayseri

when romans ınvaded mazaka they called thıs cıty kaysarea.ıt means emparıor cıty.later ıt changed as kayserı among people of the cıty.
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Anonymous said...

gaziantep

ın fact thıs cıty's real name ıs ayıntab.ıt means eye of the sprıng.the people ın the cıty changed ıt as antep.when people won the rescue war agaınst the French Gazi tıtle was given to the city with a law.
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Anonymous said...

eskişehir

the old name of this city is Doylaion.in 1080 Turks invaded this cıty.ın 1175 the Byzantium took this cıty back.When Kılıc Arslan recovered ıt from them he called thıs cıty as Eskisehır that means 'our old cıty'
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Anonymous said...

manisa
It means the city of the mother of jesus but the version of turkish İSA.Because the mother of jesus (mary) stayed a temple called roman shire before going to ephesus,it was called manisa.
also magnets who came from magnesia-teselya set up this city and gave their cities name.
AND according to evliya çelebi it came from latins. they were living there and said NİSA which means big.
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Anonymous said...

kırklareli
It is not clearly known when the city was founded under what name. Byzantines called it "Σαράντα Εκκλησιές" and in the XIV Century, this was translated to Turkish and called "Forty Churches" (Kırk Kilise). During the Republican Period, Sandjaks became cities and on December 20, 1924, Kırk Kilisie's name changed to Kırklareli.
#58

ilhamsagheb said...

ISTANBUL(Turkish: İstanbul, Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολη, historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkey's most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. The city covers 25 districts of the Istanbul province. It is located at 41° N 29° E, on the Bosphorus strait, and encompasses the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn, in the northwest of the country. It extends both on the European (Thrace) and on the Asian (Anatolia) side of the Bosphorus, and is thereby the only metropolis in the world which is situated on two continents. In its long history, Istanbul (Constantinople) served as the capital city of the Roman Empire (330-395), the Byzantine Empire (395-1204 and 1261-1453), the Latin Empire (1204-1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453-1922). The city was chosen as joint European Capital of Culture for 2010. The "Historic Areas of Istanbul" were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.

TRABZON, formerly known as Trebizond (Greek: Τραπεζοῦς Trapezoûs or Τραπεζούντα Trapezoúnta), is a city on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province. Throughout history Trabzon has been an important meeting point for international trade and cultural exchange due to its strategic location which controls the east-west (Asia-Europe) and north-south (Russia-Middle East) trading routes. Trabzon formed the basis of several states in its long history, and was the capital city of the Empire of Trebizond. The population of the city is 275,137 (2006 census).

ANTALYA (formerly known as Adalia; from Pamphylian Greek: Αττάλεια Attália) is a large town and tourist destination, situated on the Mediterranean coast of southwestern Turkey. It is the capital city of Antalya Province. The population of the city is 603,190 (2000 census) but reaches up to two million in summers at the height of tourism season.
Situated on a steep cliff over the Mediterranean, Antalya is a picturesque city surrounded by mountains. Developments in tourism, starting in the 1970s, have transformed the city into an international resort. With its airport and central location, Antalya is "the capital of Turkish tourism", a gateway for the Turkish riviera and many historical sites. Furthermore, with its palm-lined boulevards, its prize-winning marina, the unspoilt historical neighbourhood of Kaleiçi, and the modern developments along the coast, the city of Antalya is a major attraction in its own right.
Antalya has plenty of accommodation, a very hot climate and many places to visit both in and around the city, including traces of Pamphylian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman architecture and cultures.
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ilhamsagheb said...

I wrote all of information about ISTANBUL,TRABZON and ANTALYA.I know that it is neccessary to write only the etimology but I think that it will be better for all of us to get extra information.

Anonymous said...

NEVŞEHİR The name of NEVŞEHİR was NYSSA at the era of Hitites and it was in the foots of Kahve Mountain.In the Ottoman Empire Era a village called MUŞKARA was set up near to Nyssa.Between the years he was appointed Damat İbrahim Paşa who was from Muşkara improved Muşkara and its surroundings and so Muşkara took the name Nevşehir meaning new city. 3231060005

Anonymous said...

32310700076 Gamze EKMEKÇİOĞLU
Kırşehir's history begins to be known with hıtıts.But the city's name wasn't known at taht time.Once upon a tyime,it was understood that the city was known as AQUAE SARAVENAS(AKOVA SARAVENA).Known as MACISSUS(MAKISSOS),the city was established at I.Jüstinianos time (527-568)and began to be known as JÜSTINIANONS.
Turks named this city which stands on a huge field,as 'KIR ŞEHRİ'.After some time,this name has changed among public as 'KIRŞEHİR'.But even today in some villages,people know it as 'KIR ŞEHRİ'.The name 'KIRŞEHİR' is Turkhish.And also according to a legend ,when Timour came Anatolia,showing the public,he said this is 'KIR ŞEHRİ' and then this has changed as 'KIR ŞEHR' and took its this type..

Kırşehir isn't in your list and I hope it isn't problem that I have chosen it because of its being my hometown..

Anonymous said...

48 MUĞLA
The original name of Muğla is open for discussion. Various sources refer to the city as Mogola, Mobella or Mobolia
In 1390, Muğla was taken over by the Ottoman Empire. However, just twelve years later, Tamerlane and his forces defeated the Ottomans in the Battle of Ankara, and returned control of the region to its former rulers, the Menteşe Beys, as he did for other Anatolian Turkish Beyliks. Muğla was brought back under Ottoman control by Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror, in 1451. One of the most important events in the area during the Ottoman period was the well-recorded campaign of Süleyman the Magnificent against Rhodes, which was launched from Marmaris.

With this long history Muğla is rich in ancient ruins, with over 100 excavated sites including the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Letoon, near Fethiye
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Anonymous said...

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14Bolu
The tribes whose origin was Thrak settled there. Thyns Mariands and Kaukons were called as Bithyn so the city was called as Bithynia. Although it was conquered many times , the city preserved it's name militarily and geographically.As well as The city mount the ruins of castle Bthynion, Bolu was established by Bithyn before the birth of Jesus. After frequent eruption Romans render prosperous there. For this reason in Romans source the city was named as Claudius in the name of Emperor Claudius. Early of the 13th and 14th century the city took the name of Boli. Bor was used in ancient Turkish In the period of Ilhanlis, we encounter the names which is derived from the word of Bol. Also there are Bol-i-gan Hatun who play a part in government management.

Anonymous said...

ANKARA
the name of ankara is 'Engura' in Islamic sources.one says that ankara derived from 'engür' which means 'grape' in persian or from 'aguira'which means 'unripe grape' in greek.
the other says that it derived from'ank'which means 'bow'in indo-european or from 'ankaba' which means 'fold' in sanskirit,or from 'uncus'which means 'gudgeon' in latin.
in phrygian,'ank'means 'rugged, impure land'.
other names of the city are ankrya,ankura,ankuria,angur,engürlü,engürüye,angare,angera,ancora, and the last shape ankara...
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Anonymous said...

38 KAYSERİ Kayseri is established in B.C.At first it is named "kanisti" later it is changed to"Mazaka"when Asur people live.It is thought that Mazaka comes from Mechus or Mosach who is ancestor of Kapodakya people.Another belief is that Mazak turns into Mazaka in Greek.But it is believed that the name comes from Machus which means zeus in Frig language which is also the most suitable form because there are these expressions on the old coins.In the17century in D.C for a while it is named"Eusebeia"which shows that it is capital of kapadokya Kingdom.Kapodakya king named this city"Kaisareia"in honor of roma empire and it is famed with this name.The current name of the city comes from seventh century after the Arab conquer this city and Kaisareia is read "Kayseri".Since that time it is called Kayseri.3231070025